Massage with ice preferably twice a day or at least once at the end of the day. You can fill a small plastic bottle with water and freeze it. Rolling the heel and arch of the foot on the bottle for about 20 minutes will provide massage stretching and cool sensation. Stretching and strengthening exercises can help the ligament become more flexible and can strengthen muscles that support the arch in turn reducing stress on the ligament. Especially if your foot is sweating and the shoe rubs against the back of your heel, tops/sides of your toes, as can happen when dancing, you’re almost certain to get a blister. Massage your feet every night-they will enjoy it. Take time to rub the bunion and exercise the big toe. Take about 10 to 15 minutes a night to prepare them to wear shoes the next day. While rubbing the bunion place two fingers between the big toe and the next. Do this about six or seven times. While in this position take the thumb and rub the bunion while the two fingers are between the toes. If you have time, soak your feet in warm water. If pushed for time, take a bath instead of your regular shower. Your feet will thank you. To inhibit your skin from aging prematurely, lower the sugars in your diet. A lot of people do not know that the sugar you eat can make your skin look older. Believe it or not, skin cells essentially help regulate things such as the firmness of your skin, along with the strength of cartilage or ligaments. Too much sugar can contribute to wrinkles and saggy skin. Honey is a good organic mask ingredient. It can decrease redness and make your skin more glowing. Do this weekly, and it will cut down on the amount of acne you have. Surgery is only performed if the conservative treatment fails to improve the patient symptoms (severe pain) and dysfunction of the joints. The patient should be referred to Podiatric feet and ankle surgeon. The outcome of the surgery may include the big toe may not be straight and the patient unable to fit into a smaller shoe. The most common surgical procedure are Mitchell‘s operation and Keller‘s operation. Mitchell’s operation is performed in younger people and adolescent. Mitchell’s operation involved performing osteotomy of the neck of the metatarsal bone and medial displacement of the metatarsal head.Keller’s operation is performed for elderly people. A bunion is a painful bony bump that forms on the base of the big toe joint. The joint gets inflamed and pushes the big toe towards the other toes, which then causes the bone to shift out and form the bunion. A common relief for people with bunions is to wear a bunion sling. A bunion (or Hallux valgus) is a lump at the joint the base of the big toe, usually caused by years of pressure on the joint from poor walking mechanics such as overpronation (rolling the foot inward too much). These bony prominences may also be caused by tight shoes or by injury. Shroyer and his colleagues also observed that walking in flip-flops led to shorter steps (i.e., shorter stride lengths) compared to wearing athletic shoes. And he found that, in flip-flops, walkers' tend to grip more with their toes during push-off. These findings are consistent with those of other researchers in the field of foot biomechanics. In addition, the Auburn researchers imply that it's unnatural to use the toes for push-off and they don't acknowledge chronic shoe-wearing is responsible for the shortened tendons and weak muscles that cause the pain flip-flop users feel in the first place.